Know your Religion(islam,imaan & ihsaan)

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                One day while we were sitting with the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) there appeared before us a man whose clothes were exceedingly white and whose hair was exceedingly black; no signs of journey were to be seen on him and none of us knew him. He walked up and sat down in front of the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), with his knees touching against the Prophet’s (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and placing the palms of his hands on his thighs he said: “O Muhammad, tell me about Islaam.”
The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “Islaam is to testify that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allaah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, to perform prayers, to give Zakaah, to fast in Ramadaan, and to make the pilgrimage to the House if you are able to do so.”
He said: “You have spoken rightly”; and we were amazed at him asking him and saying that he had spoken rightly.
He (the man) said: “Tell me about Iman (Eemaan).”
He (the Prophet, sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “It is to believe in Allaah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Last Day, and to believe in divine destiny (qadr), both the good and the evil of it.”
He said: “You have spoken rightly.”
He (the man) said: “Then tell me about Ihsaan.”
He (the Prophet, sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “It is to worship Allaah as though you see Him, and if you do not see Him, then (knowing that) truly He sees you.”
He said: “Then tell me about the Hour.”
He said: “The one questioned about it knows no better than the questioner.”
He said: “Then tell me about its signs.”
He said: “That the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress, and that you will see barefooted, naked destitute shepherds competing in constructing lofty buildings.”
Then he (the man) left, and I stayed for a time. The he (the Prophet, sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “O `Umar, do you know who the questioner was?”
I said: “Allaah and His Messenger know best.”
He said: “It was Jibreel [Gabriel], who came to teach you your religion.”

(Commentry:-LOG-ON= Second Hadith of Imam Nawawi’s “Forty”)

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[The Forty Hadith is one of the best books written” about the hadith

Viewer:- I’m currently studying the ahadith compiled by Abu Zakaria Mohiuddin Yahya Ibn Sharaf al-Nawawi, sometimes abbreviated by his home town, al-Nawawi (631 – 676 A.H. / 1234 – 1278 A.D.).   According to Grand Mufti Ali Gomaa, this is “one of the best books written” about the hadith.

Ahadith (singular: hadith) are sayings attributed to Muhammad and descriptions of his deeds.  Al-Nawawi was a Sunni scholar, and Shi’a Muslims look favorably upon his work.

Confusing Islam with Islam and its variant spellings

The use of the term Islam (also spelled Islaam) in this hadith can be confusing.  Islam (Islaam) in this hadith does not refer to the entire Islamic religion, but the first level of faith – the five pillars.

Hadiths normally have two parts: isnad (sanad) and matn

isnad – a list of names, beginning with the collector in whose collection the tradition found a place followed by oral transmitters going back to Muḥammad or another ancient authority.  Many hadiths were written down some 200 years after Muhammad died.  The Encyclopaedia of Islam says there was little need for a chain of authorities in in the earliest times of Islam, “but as the first century of Islam advanced, the need for stating one’s authority developed. The collections of traditions which were compiled mainly in the 3rd/9th century onwards give complete isnads” (J. Robson, “Isnad”).

matn – the actual content of the hadith is called the matn.  The Encyclopaedia of Islam says, “the matn has rarely been the subject of textual criticism…and, as G. H. A. Juynboll observes (The Authenticity of the Tradition Literature, Leiden 1969, 139), if the criteria which modern authors enumerate had been applied, there would have been very little left of the “authentic” collections” (A.J. Wensinck, “Matn”).

The Forty Hadith is one of the best books written” about the hadith

I’m currently studying the ahadith compiled by Abu Zakaria Mohiuddin Yahya Ibn Sharaf al-Nawawi, sometimes abbreviated by his home town, al-Nawawi (631 – 676 A.H. / 1234 – 1278 A.D.).   According to Grand Mufti Ali Gomaa, this is “one of the best books written” about the hadith.

Ahadith (singular: hadith) are sayings attributed to Muhammad and descriptions of his deeds.  Al-Nawawi was a Sunni scholar, and Shi’a Muslims look favorably upon his work.

Confusing Islam with Islam and its variant spellings

The use of the term Islam (also spelled Islaam) in this hadith can be confusing.  Islam (Islaam) in this hadith does not refer to the entire Islamic religion, but the first level of faith – the five pillars.

Hadiths normally have two parts: isnad (sanad) and matn

isnad – a list of names, beginning with the collector in whose collection the tradition found a place followed by oral transmitters going back to Muḥammad or another ancient authority.  Many hadiths were written down some 200 years after Muhammad died.  The Encyclopaedia of Islam says there was little need for a chain of authorities in in the earliest times of Islam, “but as the first century of Islam advanced, the need for stating one’s authority developed. The collections of traditions which were compiled mainly in the 3rd/9th century onwards give complete isnads” (J. Robson, “Isnad”).

matn – the actual content of the hadith is called the matn.  The Encyclopaedia of Islam says, “the matn has rarely been the subject of textual criticism…and, as G. H. A. Juynboll observes (The Authenticity of the Tradition Literature, Leiden 1969, 139), if the criteria which modern authors enumerate had been applied, there would have been very little left of the “authentic” collections” (A.J. Wensinck, “Matn”).]

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